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At a Glance
Latur District Information At a glance.
Population (2011 census): 2,454,196
Below poverty line: 0.854 Lac
Literacy rate (2011): 77.26 %
Getting there
Air: Latur is connected by air with Mumbai.
Railway: Latur is connected by railway. Direct trains available for Mumbai and Hyderabad.
Road: State highways and roads from the district headquarters at Latur link all 10 tehsils (subdistricts) and major towns.
Geographical location: Between 17°52' North to 18°50' North and 76°18' East to 79°12' East in the Deccan plateau
Area: 7157 sq km
Adjoining districts: East: Nanded; south-west: Osmanabad; north-west: Beed; north: Parbhani; south-east: Andhra Pradesh
Major urban centres: Ahmadpur, Ausa, Latur, Nilanga, Udgir
Major crops: Cereals, oilseeds, pulses, grapes
Major rivers: Manjra, Terna, Rena, Manar, Tawarja, Tiru, Gharni
Total no. of Sub Divisions: 5
Total no. of Tahsils: 10
Total no. of Villages: 948 (Census 2011)
Total no. of Gram Pachayat: 786
Total no. of Panchayat Samiti: 10
Demography (2011 census)
Population: 2,454,196
Density of population (persons/sq km): 343
Men: 1,273,140
Women: 1,181,056
Total rural population: 1,829,216
Total urban population: 6,24,980
% of Scheduled castes: 19.43 %
% of Scheduled tribes: 2.31 %
Sex-ratio (females/1000 males): 928
Literacy Total(7+yr): 77.26 %
Literacy (Men): 932,432
Literacy (women): 718,240
Social development indicators
Below poverty line: 69.11%
Maternal mortality rate: 0.6
Max temp in °C: 39.6°C
Min temp in °C: 13.9°C
Average rainfall in mm: 802.4 mm
Industries: Oil mills, nutcrackers, locks, stoves, brassware, milk powder, ginning and pressing
Industrial centres: Latur, Udgir, Halli, Handarguli, Devni, Murud, Ahmadpur
Main markets: Latur, Udgir, Ahmadpur
Main banking centres: Latur, Udgir, Ahmadpur, Nilanga, Ausa
Disaster vulnerability
Flood: No
Earthquake: Indicated in zone IV: very high probability; massive earthquake in 1993
Cyclone: Yes
Drought: Drought-prone
Relief machinery: Cranes: 2
Medical facilities
Hospitals: There are 12 government hospitals, 46 PHCs, 19 dispensaries and 234 primary health support groups.
Health facilities: Government-run primary health centres, sub-centres or dispensariesprovide basic healthcare to nearly 30% of the villages and 50% of therural population. The Civil Surgeon and Civil (District) Hospitaloffering tertiary healthcare in a three-tier healthcare system arelocated at the district headquarters.
Blood banks: 2
Language: The primary language is Marathi. Urdu, Telegu, Kannada, Hindi, Gujarati and Rajasthani are also spoken.
Food People prefer eating rotis, rice, dal (pulses) and sabji (vegetables).
Transportation and communication
Post and telegraph services: A mere 250 villages out of 914 inhabited villages (1991) had post and telegraph offices, serving 52.27% of the rural population.
State highways passing through the district and road services: Among the important state highways running through the district are theNagpur--Bori--Adhampur, state highway; theDaund--Barshi--Osmanabad--Bantal--Ausa state highway;Miraj--Pandharpur--Barshi--Latur state highway and theManjarsumba--Kij--Lokhandi--Savargaon state highway. Bus routes to thedistrict headquarters connect 80 % of the villages.
Important railway stations and railway services: The important railway stations are Latur, Latur Road and Udgir. Thedistrict has 148 kms of railways of which 83 kms is broad gauge and 65kms is narrow gauge.
Road Connectivity The 889 villages are connected by road among which 781 are by all sesionroads. The 845 Km state highway is running across the district. Totalroad length in the district is 8763 km.
Culture and Religion
Fairs and festivals:  
Religious places:  
History: Latur has an ancient history. It was home to the Rashtrakutas and waspart of Ashoka's empire. It was, over the centuries, variously ruled bythe Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, theDelhi Sultans, the Bahamani rulers of South India, Adil Shahi, and theMughals. Later in the 19th century it became part of the independentprincely state of Hyderabad. Earlier known as Naldurg tehsil, in 1905 itwas merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, and becamepart of Osmanabad district. After independence and the merger ofHyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of BombayProvince. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, it became one ofits districts. On August 15, 1982, Latur was separated from Osmanabad toform a separate Latur district.
The district may be divided into two regions -- the Balaghat plateau,and the northeastern region consisting of Ahmadpur and Udgir.
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